Salmonellosis, caused by specific Salmonellastrains, is a bacterial,enteric illness occurring in both humans and animals. Non-typhoidal Salmonella, specifically, is a zoonotic agent of significant food-and feed safety concerns. Salmonellahas been the leading cause of foodborne disease outbreaks since 1998, with multiplecontaminated food commodities, includingfresh produce, eggs, poultry and meat, being the source. Although the common notion is that Salmonellais only a concern when it comes to poultry, this is not the case. Salmonellais a complex organism that can infect a wide variety of foods, including beef, fruit, pork, vegetables and processed foods.Unfortunately, infants, the elderly and immune-compromised individuals are most susceptibleto Salmonellainfections, which can be fatal in specific cases if not treated.